Technical Director, Production Coordinator, Production Supervisor, Event Manager, Production Stage Coordinator, Show Caller, Production Assistant, Production Administrator, Stage Supervisor, Stage Operations Manager, Stage Producer
In the world of theater and live productions, two roles are indispensable to the successful performance of all shows—the Stage Manager and the Production Manager!
Stage Managers (SMs) serve as the technical linchpins during rehearsals and live performances. They make sure actors hit their marks and assist directors with technical tasks, overseeing the real-time aspects of the performance. They’re also the communication bridge between the cast and crew.
Production Managers (PMs) focus on broader elements of a production, such as budgeting, scheduling, logistics, hiring designers, and coordinating with technical departments. PMs make sure the whole production “lines up” so the cast and crew can bring the director’s vision to life.
SMs and PMs are integral to live productions, ensuring shows go off without a hitch! In some cases, their roles may overlap or even be rolled into one, depending on the size and scope of the show.
- Làm việc trong một môi trường sáng tạo nhịp độ nhanh
- Giúp giữ cho dàn diễn viên và đoàn làm phim làm việc cùng nhau hài hòa
- Ensuring live performances remain a vital part of the entertainment industry, helping to keep the arts alive—and actors and crew employed!
Lịch làm việc
- Stage and Production Managers work full days, with nights and weekend work common. While working on the particular show they are employed by, they put in a lot of overtime. But once a show has completed its run, they could face downtime and must find other projects to work on.
Nhiệm vụ tiêu biểu
Stage Manager (SM)
- Perform pre-production tasks, such as reviewing union rules, making a contact sheet, and reviewing the dimensions of the performance space
- Schedule and oversee rehearsals to ensure all elements run smoothly
- Use a prompt script to take detailed notes for blocking (i.e., where actors move on stage, lighting and sound cues, etc.), track props, and work with directors
- Calls cues for lighting, sound, and other technical aspects, so all elements come together as rehearsed
- Act as a central point of communication between the director, cast, and crew
- Relay important information; ensure everyone is “on the same page”
- Monitor performer and crew safety; perform safety checks
- Coordinate for the creation of costumes, wigs, and props
- Conduct pre-show warmups and manage backstage activities
- Check out Stage Management Resource for a comprehensive list of duties
Production Manager (PM)
- Create and maintain production budgets
- Ensure productions are “financially feasible”
- Schedule technical rehearsals; build schedules for set creation/load-ins/outs
- Interview and hire technical team members
- Coordinate between departments (such as lighting, sound, costumes, and set)
- Respond to issues; ensure departments have the resources they need
- Manage venue logistics, such as checking if sets will fit in the venue space and liaising with venue staff
- Prepare technical elements to be ready for the Stage Manager during rehearsals and performances
- Procure applicable equipment for the times needed
Both the Stage Manager and Production Manager roles involve management and coordination. The SM primarily runs rehearsals and performances. The PM is in charge of broader production elements, ensuring resources, people, and schedules align to make the production possible. Depending on the size of the production, there may only be one person doing essentially both jobs!
Trách nhiệm bổ sung
- Review scripts. Discuss ideas and potential problems with the directors, cast, and crew
- Ensure the director’s creative vision is understood and captured
- Help find suitable venues
- Go over anticipated technical or logistical difficulties such as physical hazards requiring stunt coordination
- Stay engaged with all departments to make sure everyone is working cohesively
- Approve set or stage designs, as applicable
- Go over budgets and financial considerations before production starts. Ensure productions stay on schedule and within budget
Kỹ năng mềm
- Ability to motivate others
- Lắng nghe tích cực
- Bình tĩnh dưới áp lực
- Hợp tác
- Kỹ năng khái niệm hóa
- Niềm tin
- Conflict resolution skills
- Sáng tạo
- Sự quyết đoán
- Định hướng chi tiết
- Linh hoạt
- Trực quan
- Lãnh đạo
- Kiên nhẫn
- Tính thuyết phục
- Kỹ năng giải quyết vấn đề
- Kỹ năng giao tiếp mạnh mẽ
- Xây dựng đội nhóm
- Kể chuyện bằng hình ảnh và bằng văn bản
- Script analysis for technical cues
- Understanding of stage directions and terminology; knowledge of prompt books, rehearsal techniques and processes
- Mastery of cue-calling techniques
- Proficiency in using communication headsets and paging systems
- Ability to read and interpret lighting plots, sound plots, and set designs
- Knowledge of various stage management software (e.g., QLab, Stage Write)
- Familiarity with health and safety protocols for theatre; basic first-aid training
- Understanding of technical riders and implications
- Ability to read ground plans, lighting plots, and technical schematics
- Knowledge of budgeting and financial tracking
- Familiarity with venue specifications/requirements
- Expertise in scheduling and timeline management
- Knowledge of various technical disciplines (lighting, sound, rigging, etc.)
- Understanding of contract negotiations and hiring processes
- Familiarity with health and safety regulations, including risk assessments
- Knowledge of equipment sourcing, rental, and purchasing
- Understanding of production workflows from pre-production to post-production
- Theatrical companies
- Broadway and Off-Broadway productions
- Opera companies
- Concert venues
- Television studios
- Film sets
- Công viên giải trí
- Educational institutions (school and university productions)
- Sporting events
- Award ceremonies and gala events
Without Stage Managers, live performances would be in chaos every time the curtain rises! Their tasks are intricate and demand an impressive level of coordination and multitasking with production teams, directors, and tech crews.
Live theater (or theatre, if you prefer) and other live events can be unpredictable, but SMs must ensure each performance goes off without a hitch. Hours can run long, especially during tech week, with a flurry of rehearsals and last-minute changes. They may also have to deal with frustrated actors or technical problems.
Most shows have limited runs, so Stage Managers may have to juggle multiple projects to maintain a consistent income. The same goes for Production Managers, without whom productions would crumble! Their jobs involve a complex mesh of organizational and logistical challenges.
PMs are deeply embedded in the pre-production phase, ensuring that everything from sets to sound equipment is ready for showtime. Again, hours can go long, with department meetings, budget reviews, and logistical or equipment issues.
With the surge in high-budget streaming platforms, live productions and theatrical performances have seen a renaissance in their presentation. Brilliantly written plays, outstanding production designs, and good pay have enticed renowned actors who, in earlier times, might have stuck to film or TV deals.
Producers are bringing on more Stage Managers and Production Managers to ensure shows run seamlessly and to bridge the gap between the vision of directors and the practical execution on stage.
From Broadway to touring productions, cruise ship performances, and exclusive live events, there's been an uptick in the quality and number of theatrical presentations. As cinema chains strive to pull audiences back, it seems the allure of live theatre is getting stronger. With their expertise now in greater demand, SMs and PMs are also playing pivotal roles in large festivals, corporate events, and specialized performances.
Stage Managers and Production Managers likely had a flair for live productions early on. School involvement might have included plays or event coordination. They often emerge as reliable, diligent leaders in group tasks or school events, showing they can juggle many tasks and oversee broader projects.
Most demonstrate a blend of precision and practicality, excelling in roles that require communication and multitasking. They were likely inquisitive learners who were both creative and good with logistics and small details!
- Stage and Production Managers require at least a high school diploma. A college degree is not necessary but some do earn a bachelor’s in theater, drama, or stage management, or they attend formal training via community college courses
- Most workers start in entry-level positions, as stagehands, technical crew members, or production assistants, then work their way up to assistant Stage or Production Manager as they gain experience in local productions
- Practical experience in a wide range of production types can be useful, such as working on plays, musicals, and live concert events
- Both college and real-world work experience are also crucial for networking and making connections in the industry, which will be invaluable as you progress
- Xem xét chi phí học phí, giảm giá và cơ hội học bổng địa phương (ngoài viện trợ liên bang)
- Hãy suy nghĩ về lịch trình và sự linh hoạt của bạn khi quyết định đăng ký vào một chương trình trong khuôn viên trường, trực tuyến hay kết hợp. Lý tưởng nhất là bạn sẽ muốn thực hành nhiều nhất có thể
- Check out the program’s faculty awards and accomplishments to see what productions they’ve worked on
- Xem xét kỹ cơ sở vật chất của trường cũng như các thiết bị, phần mềm mà sinh viên đào tạo
- Xem lại số liệu thống kê vị trí việc làm và chi tiết về mạng lưới cựu sinh viên của chương trình
- Dự trữ các khóa học về nghệ thuật, tiếng Anh, giao tiếp, nói, tâm lý học, thiết kế và nhiếp ảnh
- Tình nguyện cho các hoạt động của trường, nơi bạn có thể học cách làm việc nhóm hiệu quả, thực hành các kỹ năng lãnh đạo và quản lý các dự án lớn
- Consider signing up for confidence and resiliency courses, so you’ll be able to direct teams under stressful circumstances
- Join audiovisual and theater clubs to get hands-on experience
- Participate in school and local theater productions, as well as concerts and other public events. Volunteer or look for part-time gigs
- Try to decide if you’d rather be a Stage Manager or Production Manager, so you can tailor your learning and work activities toward that path
- Study books, articles, online forums, video tutorials, and behind-the-scenes documentaries (see our list of Resources > Websites)
- Get to know the ins and outs of every major department involved, such as set design and construction, costume design, lighting and sound, props, makeup and hair, choreography, music, special effects crews, etc.
- Get familiar with some of the top Stage Managers and Production Managers. Read their bios for ideas and inspiration
- Ask a working SM or PM if they have time to do an informational interview with you or use Ask a Stage Manager!
- Launch an online portfolio to showcase your skills and work
- Attend local productions frequently. Try to get an annual pass or student discount
- Join professional theater-related organizations in your area to learn about trends and grow your network
- Check out theatre job sites like Broadway World as well as job portals such as Indeed, Simply Hired, and Glassdoor
- You’ll have to apply for entry-level jobs and work your way up to assistant Stage Manager and Production Manager roles
- Many SMs and PMs start as assistants or interns
- Look on Craigslist for entry-level jobs with small local productions
- Let your local theater companies know you are looking for jobs or internships! Per CNBC, “Research shows that 70% of all jobs are not published publicly on jobs sites and as much as 80% of jobs are filled through personal and professional connections”
- Rack up as much experience as you can in school and volunteer work before applying for a paid position
- Join the Stage Managers’ Association or other professional organizations when you’re eligible
- Consider moving to where the most theatre shows (and therefore potentially the most jobs) are, such as New York, Chicago, Boston, Atlanta, Denver, Seattle, Minneapolis, Washington D.C., New Orleans, Philadelphia, Houston, Los Angeles, and San Francisco
- Hop on Quora and start asking job advice questions and requesting answers from working SMs and PMs
- Hỏi các giáo sư, người giám sát và đồng nghiệp của bạn xem họ có đóng vai trò là tài liệu tham khảo cá nhân hay không
- Nói chuyện với trung tâm nghề nghiệp của trường đại học của bạn để được trợ giúp về sơ yếu lý lịch, phỏng vấn giả và tìm kiếm việc làm
- Review Stage Manager resume templates to get ideas for formatting and phrasing
- Look up common interview questions to prepare for those crucial interviews
- Luôn ăn mặc phù hợp để phỏng vấn xin việc thành công!
- Be on time and prepared every day, ready to do your best and to motivate others
- Tiếp tục trau dồi kỹ năng của bạn đồng thời tìm hiểu thêm về vai trò của mọi người khác
- Build trust with directors, actors, and crew members by being professional, respectful, fair, and competent at your job
- Grow your network and build strong relationships with venue personnel and suppliers
- Loại bỏ giáo dục và đào tạo bổ sung có thể cải thiện kỹ năng kỹ thuật và sáng tạo của bạn
- Work on as many different types of shows as you can to expand your portfolio of work
- Watch and learn from more senior SMs, PMs, department leads, and crew members
- Request a Mentor from the Stage Managers’ Association
- Keep tackling larger, more ambitious projects
- Make yourself available for local events, conferences, and workshops
- Join professional organizations like the Stage Managers’ Association
- Try to win awards and other recognitions that’ll look great on your resume
- Actors Equity Association
- American Guild of Musical Artists
- American Guild of Variety Artists
- Broadway World
- Director’s Guild of America
- Educational Theatre Association
- Get Into Theatre
- Production Managers’ Forum
- SAG-AFTRA ·
- Stage Mag
- Stage Managers Resource
- Stage Managers’ Association
- Theatre Communications Group
- Theatre Development Fund
- United States Institute for Technical Theatre
- Stage Management Basics: A Primer for Performing Arts Stage Managers, by Emily Roth, Jonathan Allender-Zivic, et al.
- Stage Manager: The Professional Experience―Refreshed, by Larry Fazio
- The Production Manager's Toolkit, by Cary Gillett and Jay Sheehan
- The Stage Manager's Toolkit: Templates and Communication Techniques to Guide Your Theatre Production from First Meeting to Final Performance, by Laurie Kincman
Being a Stage Manager or Production Manager isn’t as glamorous as some might think. It’s demanding, ultra-detailed-oriented work with long hours.
Energetic people with the right combination of leadership ability, technical know-how, and organizational skills can make names for themselves in this industry. But if you’re curious about some related occupations, consider the below options!
- Diễn viên
- Giám đốc nghệ thuật
- Kỹ thuật viên phát sóng, âm thanh và video
- Biên đạo múa
- Nhà thiết kế thời trang
- Biên tập phim và video và nhà khai thác máy ảnh
- Nhà thiết kế đồ họa
- Nhiếp ảnh gia
- Nhà sản xuất và đạo diễn
- Nghệ sĩ hiệu ứng đặc biệt và nhà làm phim hoạt hình
- Nhà văn và tác giả